A fetuss right to life outweighs the parents rights to wealth, pride, or convenience, whether the fetus is male or female. State with lowest female sex ratio haryana 861 in the past 10 years, the numbers are only getting worse, the sex ratio is imbalanced with more boys. Female foeticide in india is the abortion of a female foetus outside of legal methods. Ignorance is one of the major causes for selective sex abortion cases. The phenomenon of female foeticide in india is not new, where female embryos or foetuses are selectively eliminated after prenatal sex determination, thus eliminating girl child. Preventive measures for elimination of female foeticide b r siwal deputy director nipccd, new delhi indias legal framework stipulates equal rights for all, regardless of gender. By itself it is a comprehensive legislation which lays down the situations in which the use of prenatal diagnostic techniques is prohibited as also where it is regulated. Studies and reports that discuss sexselective abortion are based on the assumption that birth sex ratiothe overall ratio of boys and girls at birth for a regional population, is an indicator of sexselective abortion. Female foeticide has become a major problem in india. Utilising the land for a variety of purposes is called land use.
Mar 06, 20 india today, is not a very womenfriendly place as those unborn arent allowed to live, and those alive arent allowed to live. The royal college of obstetricians and gynaecologists recommends foeticide be performed before medical abortion after 21 weeks and 6 days of gestation to. Female foeticide is truly a curse on the indian society. Killing the girls in the wombs of their mothers has become a common practice in some of the parts of the country. Causes behind female foeticide there are a bunch of reasons behind this inhuman and unfortunate incident of female foeticide.
Female feticide is thus the conjunction of two ethical evils. Thats why he initiated his pet program called beti bachao, beti padhao. It should be seen as a subset of the broader phenomenon of infanticide, which. Please wash your hands and practise social distancing. Death before birth a study on female foeticide in india 97 b individual and group appeals and initia tives. The crime stems from the want of not having a girl child, by the society which considers girls as an additional liability on her parents.
Another shocking fact is that doctors use the trust placed upon them for their own benefits. To check female foeticide, the prenatal diagnostic techniques regulation and prevention of misuse act, 1994 was enacted. Female foeticide in india, welfare measures like empowerment of women, reservation in parliament, free education to girl child and a lot of other woman progressive initiative, do not make sense when we look at cases of female foeticide. Female infanticide in most places has been replaced by female foeticide.
But in rajasthan there is a village where male foeticide is in practice. Poverty, burden to dowry, illiteracy and ignorance are the causes for the problem of female foeticide. Female is indeed a friend foever with a male may be in the form of friend, mother and so on. Female foeticide refers to the illegal abortion of female foetus. To eradicate the menace of female foeticide from the indian society, one thing that certainly needs to be looked into is the law.
The concern is that it will lead to female foeticide. The frequency of female foeticide in india is increasing day by day. In 1996 the world health assembly endorsed the fact that violence against women is a public health problem and female foeticide is one extreme manifestation of violence against women. The natural ratio of boys to girls at birth is assumed to be between 103 to 107, and any number above it is. This practice is mostly confined to female gender and female foeticide is the major topic of concern in todays society, especially in developing countries like india. Estimated that 50 million girls and women are missing from indias population because of termination of the female foetus.
This is evident from the declining sex ratio which has dropped to alarming levels, especially in the northern states according to census 2001 reports. Issues and concerns garg s, nath a1 abstract the preference for a son continues to be a prevalent norm in the traditional indian household. Widespread campaigns and seminars for young adults and potential parents to enlighten them about the ill effects of female feticide. In the medieval period, the various forms of problems that women experienced were, polygamy.
Jul 14, 20 female feticide in india the child sex ratio has dropped from 945 females per males in 1991 to 927 females per males in 2001. Female foeticide is a practice of selective elimination of the female foetus after prenatal sex determination or sex preselection, thus, avoiding the birth of a girl child. There is an ongoing debate as to whether these high sex ratios are only caused by female foeticide or some of the higher ratio is explained by natural causes. Female feticide is a process of aborting female fetuses after about 18 weeks of gestation or we can say that killing or murdering a female child with in womb of mother. Latest and breaking news on female foeticide cases. In india, the declining sex ratio at birth is a matter of concern and sex selection leading to female foeticide is foremost cause presenting itself as one of the greatest sociolegal challenges.
However, to get to the root of this issue, it is essential to understand the causes behind it. Conversely, low status of women leads to more female feticide. In practice, however, unequal power equations between males and females have led to violations of womens reproductive rights. Spreading awareness can go a long way in saving our future sisters, mothers, girlfriends and wives. It is unjustified and unfair to point a finger at religion as a cause for female foeticide, for it our misinterpretations and understandings that are at fault. A statistical analysis of female foeticide with reference to kolhapur district aithal u. Female foeticide is perhaps one of the worst forms of violence against women where a woman is denied her most basic and fundamental right i. Read a brief essay on the crime of female foeticide in india. It is not influenced by the level of introduction he census survey of india 2001 and 2011 shows the sex ratio of india is 933 and 940 as against, whereas in the state.
In places where cultural norms value male over female children. Female foeticide is in practice in india from the time of advent of technological advancements in. Female foeticide was a major cause of this imbalance. Female infanticide in india has a history spanning centuries. Though earliest efforts to eradicate female infanticide in india were made in the. May 24, 2016 female feticide is the selective abortionelimination of the female child, done deliberately by the mother, after the detection of the childs gender through medical tests.
Some called this female feticide and others actually referred to it specifically as murder. Female feticide is the selective abortionelimination of the female child, done deliberately by the mother, after the detection of the childs gender through medical tests. Female foeticide or sex selective abortion is the elimination of the female foetus in the womb itself. Explore female foeticide cases profile at times of india for. Statewise incidence analysis of crime against girl children according to crime in india 2000 foeticide cases reported an increase by 49. There are only 933 females for every males against global figure of 1060 females per males. This is evident from the declining sex ratio which has dropped to alarming levels, especially in the northern states according to. The natural sex ratio is assumed to be between 103 and 107, and any number above it is considered as suggestive of female foeticide. India today, is not a very womenfriendly place as those unborn arent allowed to live, and those alive arent allowed to live. Female foeticide infanticide essay causes impact imp days. India passed its first abortionrelated law in 1971, the socalled medical termination of pregnancy act, which made abortion legit in almost all states of the country, but it was particularly made for the cases of. Nov 02, 2012 we are here to fight against female infanticide, female circumcision, rape, child molestation, gender discrimination, sexual harassment and eve teasing.
While sons offer security to their families in old age and can perform the rites for the souls of deceased parents and ancestors, daughters are perceived as a social and economic burden. This saying in the holy scripture sums up the indian attitude towards female children. In some areas, the sex ratio of females to males has dropped to less than 8000. Sex of the baby could be detected through preconception and postconception methods. Female feticide in india the child sex ratio has dropped from 945 females per males in 1991 to 927 females per males in 2001. From a policy perspective, sex selection before or after birth is cause for concern.
Though it is not always for the unwanted pregnancy but it is intentionally done because of the society that builds on silly beliefs. Some also said that unwanted girls ran the risk of severe ill treatment at their natal homes causing them emotional and mental trauma. This is usually done under familial pressure from the husband or the inlaws or even the womans parents. Foeticide meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. Jan 27, 2016 definition of female foeticide the words suicide, assassination, fratricide, murder and feticide have something in common. Pdf female foeticide over the last 15 years distorted sex ratios as birth in several. Apr 04, 2015 female foeticide and legal initiatives causes and implications. The data highlights the adverse linkages between prosperity and girlchild preference and dispels the myth that the poor are opting for female foeticide or sex selective abortions. Female foeticide is a menace in our modern indian society. Effect of planned teaching on the knowledge of college students regarding female foeticide. Definition of female foeticide the words suicide, assassination, fratricide, murder and feticide have something in common. Explore female foeticide cases profile at times of india for photos, videos and latest news of female foeticide cases. Thus the female foeticide and decreasing ratio of female in india.
India, their causes, intervention steps taken by the government and to recommend. Thus, a feticide is the action of ending the life of a human fetus. In medical use, the word foeticide is used simply to mean causing the death of the fetus, usually prior to some form of abortion. Laws regarding female foeticide female foeticide in india. However, statewise analysis reveals wide variation from state to state. Sexselective abortion affects the human sex ratiothe relative number of males to females in a given age group. In most countries in the world, there are approximately 105 female births for every 100 males.
It is a useful indicator to understand womens health and position in a society. I have always felt that people, generally speaking, are deeply confused in their ethical thinking, and no better evidence for this can be found than in the daily. Female foeticide and legal initiatives causes and implications. Generally, male babies were preferred because they provided manual labor. It is ironical that a country where everything from trees to stones are worshiped, girls are killed so mercilessly.
We are here to fight against female infanticide, female circumcision, rape, child molestation, gender discrimination, sexual harassment and eve teasing. Prosperity, not poverty behind female foeticide unicef. One of the things i was rather mystified by is the references to aborting female children. Female foeticide then, is a continuation in a different form, of a practice of female infanticide or withholding of postnatal health care for girls in certain households. This shows that despite authorities cracking down on illegal abortion clinics, people are getting better at finding ways to abort their girl child.
Prenatal diagnostic facilities calculated as per 100 000 women age 7 years and older, based on number of facilities registered by state through 2006. Female foeticide is a pressing issue which calls to be addressed at once. The sex ratio is defined as the number of females per men. To this menace our ancestral and biased view about male child, lack of education, ever increasing population and dowry have been good propellants. The atharva veda says, the birth of a daughter, grant it elsewhere, here grant a son.
In india, however, there isnt actually a need to investigate into the problem much. In a legal context, it refers to the deliberate or incidental killing of a fetus due to a criminal human act, such as a blow. Sex ratio is a composite indicator of womans status in. Advances in science and technology is responsible for the statistic of womens oppression. Furthermore, in some cultures sons are expected to take care of their parents in their old age. Universals criminal manual, universal law publishing. Female foeticide has a serious impact on the society, in the overall growth and development of the country. Pdf female foeticide in rural haryana researchgate. A statistical analysis of female foeticide with reference. Death before birth a study on female foeticide in india.
Pdf death before birth a study on female foeticide in india. Female foeticide or the termination of the life of the foetus inside the womb of the mother, provided the foetus is found to be of a girl child, is one of the most horrendous practises of male autonomy found in patriarchal societies, like india. Due to all these causes and implications of female foeticide, many laws have been passed from timetotime to control this menace. Female foeticide is one of the most nefarious crimes on this earth. In 1996 the world health assembly recommended the fact that violence against women is a public health problem and female foeticide is one preposterous demonstration of violence. Aug 16, 2014 consequences of female foeticide in india. However, until the girl child is welcome in families, such a scheme will be. I have always felt that people, generally speaking, are deeply confused in their ethical thinking, and no better evidence for this can be found than in the daily letters to the editor of your local newspaper. Female foeticide is the gory practise of sexselective abortion, which renders the. Child femaletomale ratio at ages 06 years from 2011 census of india.
The frequency of female foeticide in india, the practice of killing a foetus because it is female, is indirectly estimated from the observed high birth sex ratio in india. Female feticide is driven by many factors, but primarily by the prospect of having to pay a dowry to the future bridegroom of a daughter. Stop female foeticide save the girl child my india. Female feticide is the termination of the life of a fetus within the womb on the grounds that its sex is female. Jan 21, 2016 for female foeticide, the sexratio has skewed in some of the regions in the country. Female foeticide, indias ticking bomb a deepseated cultural preference for boys is skewing indias sex ratio and making slaves of women. It emerged from the presentations that literacy and economic wellbeing did not necessarily ensure a positive child sex ratio. Female feticidethe selective abortion of female fetusesis killing upwards of one million females in india annually with farranging and tragic consequences. Female foeticide, indias ticking bomb asia al jazeera.
Violence against women exists in various forms, in all societies, the world over. See more ideas about female, kids poster and slogan. The term foeticide means killing the foetus in the mothers womb. Female foeticide means killing of female foetus in the womb of the mother. Female foeticide has been one of the biggest social issues that the country has been facing for a very long time. Female foeticide is a grave problem plaguing india since a very long time.
International journal of criminal justice science, vo. In india, there are less than 93 women for every 100 men in the population. Female infanticide is the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies and from the low value associated with the birth of females. Petroleum refining station in karnataka is located at.
There can be the danger on the existence of human beings. Pdf this paper attempts to discuss the basal factors that impel people to choose to. Foeticide or feticide is an act that causes the death of a fetus. According to a recent report by the united nations childrens fund unicef up to 50 million girls and women are missing from india s population as a result of systematic gender discrimination in india. Despite strictly banned by law, female foeticide in india is still in practice. Poverty, the dowry system, births to unmarried women, deformed infants, famine, lack of support services and maternal illnesses such as postpartum depression are among the causes that have been proposed to explain the phenomenon of female infanticide in india although infanticide has been criminalised in india, it remains an under. The tribal populated lahaulspiti district has earned the distinction of having highest female ratio in the country with 1017 female per male. Female feticide leads to low female tomale ratios, which in turn perpetuates low status of women. Mar 04, 20 female foeticide is a pressing issue which calls to be addressed at once. Essay on female foeticide for children and students. A village where male foeticide is practiced daily bhaskar.324 870 886 66 1609 1135 608 1167 936 591 388 74 985 508 1482 1463 1331 1110 566 1137 574 1090 984 348 583 881 481 1052 261 534