The website we have chosen to call tent city covers the series of civil rights events that took place in fayette county, tennessee from 1959 into the early 1970s. A tent city is an encampment or housing facility made using tents or other temporary structures. Their protest, the very act of banding together at freedom village, was the only real way to protest their illtreatment that they had. Tent cities in fayette and haywood counties organized area for african americans to live after they were evicted from their homes for trying to register to vote.
Fayette county counties counties history tn history for kids. The tennessee encyclopedia of history and culture history introduction and guides. These two tennessee counties battled for voting rights and economic opportunity for over ten years during the. Civil rights act established civil rights commission to gather evidence of voting violations.
May 16, 2011 in september 1960, after the crops were gathered, white landowners in fayette and haywood counties forced black sharecroppers off their land because they were trying to vote. Cold war and civil rights movement flashcards quizlet. Kennedy mandated the federal government to provide necessary supplies to residents of the tent cities in june 1961. This university of memphis website tells you all about fayette countys tent city movement. First, it was a truly grassroots movementinitiated, organized, and maintained by black residents in the local community. Authorized justice department to initiate action to counter irregularities in federal elections. Because of pressure from the people of fayette and haywood counties, as well as those organizations and individuals acting in solidarity with them, president john f. During the 1950s, the african american citizens of fayette and haywood counties struggled for full voting rights. Wynn, tent cities of fayette and haywood counties, 19601962, in profiles of african americans in tennessee history, ed. Finally, fayette countyas well as the adjacent haywood countywas politically promising because these counties were the only two of 96 tennessee counties in which blacks outnumbered whites. Fayette countys tent cities may have triggered civil rights. Tents became temporary homes, and this event gained national attention. Profiles for 46 cities, towns and other populated places in haywood county tennessee. Thanks to the new social studies standards, the civil rights movement in tennessee is finally receiving the recognition it deserves.
Tle and haywood counties, tennessee, made on january, 4 and 5, 1961, by ross anderson, wllace nelson and maurice mccrackin, a deputation team from peacemakers we have just returned from fayette and haywood counties, which have been much in the news. What led to the creation of tent cities in fayette and haywood counties. Tent city, also called freedom village, was an encampment outside of memphis in fayette county, tennessee for african americans who were evicted from their homes and blacklisted from buying amenities as retaliation for registering to vote during the civil rights movement. Some local whites, mostly among the counties poorer families, supported their black neighbors in pursuing the voting and the underlying economic issues but did little themselves. Civil rights notes civil disobedience intentionally. Within a month of the november county election and the resulting republican takeover, a few white fayette and haywood county landowners began evicting their black tenant laborers and families. Tent city in fayette county education outreach tennessee. Burton dodson was an african american man living in fayette county. In the spring and summer of 1959, many blacks in the two counties, along with black and white civil rights activists from other parts of the country, tried to change this by.
Scroll down the page to find a list of big cities if youre booking a flight between airports, or a list of smaller surrounding towns if youre doing a road trip. Fayette county tn tent city for evicted voters 19591965 fayette and haywood counties lie just east of memphis and just north of the mississippi state line. In many states of the south, the voting rights granted americans of african descent under. This happened to thousands of people in fayette and haywood counties in the early 1960s, in a chapter of the civil rights movement known as tent city. Profiles in alphabetical order tennessee state university. List of tent cities in the united states wikipedia. Civil rights movement teachercreated lesson plan common. Because of family ties between burton dodson and currie p. Stories of civil rights in fayette county, tennessee tent. Intentionally breaking laws that are unjust to expose them montgomery bus boycott.
The new year also brought internal divisions within the fccwl. While the haywood county league faded out pretty early on, the original fayette county civic and welfare league effectively fought racial injustice for decades. Photo courtesy of ernest withers in september 1960, after the crops were gathered, white landowners in fayette and haywood counties forced black sharecroppers off their land because they were trying to vote. They are the hundreds of black men and women who were forced to live in tent cities in neighboring fayette and haywood counties in the. Tent cities in fayette and haywood counties nashville sitins and diane nash freedom riders dr. Fayette county, tn, african americans form tent city for u. Theyre cotton counties and in the 1950s blacks outnumber whites 2 to 1. Fayette, haywood county blacks forced from their homes for trying to exercise right to vote by jacque hillman and jimmy hart the jackson sun. Fayette county, tennessee fayette county education, geography, and history. Mlk jr 381 days tent cities of haywood and fayette counties tn1959 aa protested exclusion from juries by organizing a voter registration campaign. Tent city, also called freedom village, was an encampment outside of memphis in fayette county. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This is a list of notable tent cities in the united states.
Profiles for 45 cities, towns and other populated places in haywood county north carolina. Tent city october 1960 civil rights a jackson sun special report. Around this time, jameson and mcferren travelled to d. This meant significant political change was possible if africanamerican citizens could exercise their right to vote. The founding of tent city pressure within the county increased again in the late fall of 1960. Cities near me haywood county, north carolina travelmath. Tent cities of haywood and fayette counties influence of the highlander folk school and civil rights advocacy groups, including the sclc, sncc, and core integration of central high school in little rock i can describe significant events in the struggle to secure civil rights for african americans, including. Last road to freedom this site offers a pdf file listing the names of over three thousand african american freedmen and the names of their former owners including fayette county, tn slave owner. Fayette, haywood county blacks forced from their homes for trying to exercise right to vote. Tent city residents who were ousted from whiteowned plantations in fayette county, tennessee during 1960 in september 1960, after the crops were gathered, white landowners in fayette and haywood counties forced black. Sunday school union american baptist college austin high school bailey, deford beck, james and ethel bethlehem centers blacks in the union army blue triangle ywca bontemps, arna bowman, lemuel a.
The tent city proved to be an effective weapon for social change. Tent cities of fayette and haywood counties tennessee state. As tent cities sprang up along fayette county highways, others were established in neighboring haywood county. Fayette countys tent cities may have triggered civil rights movement. The story of tennessees tent cities began on may 23, 1n940. Here a family prepares to move from their sharecropper home to the tent city erected for displaced farmers. Tent cities of fayette and haywood counties 19601962 in many states of the south, the voting rights granted americans of african descent under the united states constitutions fifteenth amendment were nothing more than unfulfilled promises drafted on parchment. Unlike urban blacks who were better educated and wealthier, blacks in haywood and fayette counties were woefully poor and uneducated.
Alignment of items to this academic standard is based on recommendations from content creators, resource curators, and visitors to this website. Even within fayette and haywood counties the tent city residents were not entirely friendless. Stories of civil rights in fayette county, tennessee. Tennessee encyclopedia tent city, fayette and haywood counties tngenweb project 18721873 city directory of brownsville, haywood co. Nashville and memphis chapters of the national association for the advancement of colored people sent food, clothing, and money to the families. Not until the ratification of the 24th amendment in 1964 was the poll tax rescinded in federal elections. The website we have chosen to call tent city covers the series of civil rights events that took place in fayette county, tennessee from 1959. Fayette county s tent city movement in the 1950s, twothirds of the people in fayette and haywood counties were black, but practically none of them were allowed to vote. Fayette county counties counties history tn history. African americans started demanded better voting rights and to be jurors. Tent city, fayette and haywood counties tennessee encyclopedia. The center of each city listed is within 58 miles of haywood county, nc. Burton dodson trial in fayette county for alleged murder of white man in 1940.
Below you will find links to biographical information or further details about each key figure or topic. Fayette county is part of the memphis, tnmsar metropolitan statistical area. The tent city movement in fayette county is significant for a number of reasons. Report on visit to fayette and haywood counties tennessee. Why is tent city important as a civil rights era event. To combat this injustice, african americans in the two counties organized the original fayette county civic and welfare league and the haywood county civic. Outside help from regional sympathizers, college activists, and the federal. Back in the 1880s, a majorityblack district in haywood county elected a black state representative named samuel mcelwee. Feb 23, 2017 in tennessee reconstruction 18651896 black men including ones from fayette, haywood and shelby counties gained election to the state legislature.987 1327 62 837 1299 1202 505 338 798 153 510 1193 119 358 585 214 493 516 148 124 736 1493 726 806 551 1308 878 287 300 1287 1227 634 681 1101 907 1125 1023 1092